Posts by Anddrew

Lobate Lac Scale

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Lobate Lac Scale

Lobate Lac Scale Pest   The pest of the month for July is the lobate lac scale insect which was discovered in 2012 during an arborist climbing competition. This unwanted pest of many Hawaiian pest has managed to infect at least 50 species of native and non-native Hawaii plants and is putting in danger some local banyans as you can see from the video below. An Odd Cousin the Lac As a little side history to the lac species of insect, certain genus of this insect are actually part of a products produced in India and Thailand. The resin from the excresion of the insect are used in confectioners glaze. “Pharmaceutical glaze is an alcohol-based solution of various types of food-grade shellac. The shellac is derived from the raw material sticklac, which is a resin scraped from the branches of trees left from when the small insect, Kerria lacca (also known as Laccifer lacca), creates a hard, waterproof cocoon. When used in food and confections, it is also known as confectioner’s glaze, resinous glaze, pure food glaze, natural glaze, or confectioner’s resin.” The Local Lac Scale In Hawaii we are not fortunate to have a pest which is an integral part of the local economy. The trees and other plants which give Hawaii its value as an Island of Beauty are being attacked by the pest. Though it is specifically on the Island of Oahu, it may be a matter of time before it spreads to other island without serious mitigation. A little more about our local pest and its definition.  “Paratachardina pseudolobata, the lobate lac scale, is a polyphagous and pestiferous lac scale insect, which damages trees and woody shrubs in Cuba, Florida, the Bahamas and the Australian territory of Christmas Island. It was mistakenly identified as Paratachardina lobata (Chamberlin), an insect native to India and Sri Lanka, but was in 2007 recognized and named as a distinct species based on material from Florida; its native distribution is as yet unknown. The new lac insect was described based on all stages of the female (adult, second-instar nymph and first-instar nymph), during the revision of the genus Paratachardina, wherein all its known species were redescribed.” To Report Suspected Infestations of the lobate lac scale, please call the numbers below: Call Us:808-220-3452  Oahu: 808-973-9525 Maui: 808-873-3949 Kauai:808-274-3072 Hawaii Island: Hilo: 808-974-4146 Kona:...

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Naio or Myoporum Thrips

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Myoporum Thrips Pest Naio Thrips also know as Myoporum Thrips was found in Waikoloa on the Big Island back in 2009. These sample have been assessed by University of Hawaii, Hawaii Department of Agriculture as well as California Dept. of Agriculture and US Department of Agriculture. The Hawaii common name is “naio thrips”, it is known in California as myoporum thrips. At Waikoloa location, the thrips was found to be the cause of servere galling at the terminals and also on young leaves.Adult naio thrips are found to be dark bronw to black and elongated insect with the young thrips being orange to yellow in color with the same shape just smaller. As far back as 2005 a speices thrip species were assessed as causing extensive damage to nursery and landscape stock. This Mypporum Thrips, while a new species name Klamborthrips. Unversities, State and Federal agricultural depts are constantly trying to assess the growing damage and migration of these different spieces across the nation and reduce damage and find solutions to the advancement of these pests.  Thrips Thrips (Order Thysanoptera) are tiny, slender insect s with fringed wings (thus the scientific name , from the Greek thysanos (fringe) + …   How to Kill Thrips Pests in Your Garden In this tutorial, we cover the typical garden pest known as “Thrips”. We’ll go over what to look out for and how to get rid of them! Click Links to Find Prod…   Bayer CropScience – Frankliniella occidentalis Over the past 25 years the Western flower thrips has spread from its origins in the south-western parts of the USA to become a major greenhouse pest. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tjkuh8e07NE&feature=youtube_gdata_player...

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Choosing a Tree to Plant

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Choosing a Tree to Plant

Selecting a Tree to Plant When choosing the right tree to plant, considering proper placement to prevent future interference with utility lines and buildings while taking into account over all beauty will increase your property value. Here are some guidelines in choosing the right tree for your home or property. Choosing the Size of Your Tree It is best to consider the tree width as well as height to fit the area you wish to plant your tree. A short list of details below will help you make your choice. Wide and Short Trees: A tree that grows above the roof of a one story building being under twenty five feet high and less than forty foot wide. They can be planted under the lines of utilities and next to the street as long as the branches do not inhibit traffic. Skinny short trees: Perfect for planting below utility lines and limited areas under twenty foot high and less than twenty foot wide. Wide and medium height: a tree that grows between 25 to 45 ft. tall and up to forty foot wide. These are great shade trees for single story homes or the windows and walls of a two story house. These trees require more room and will take more maintenance. Medium and skinny trees: Grow 25 to 45 feet tall and about 20 feet wide. They are great for areas near fences and smaller places. Wide Tall Trees: are under 40 foot in width and under 45 foot in height. They are great trees providing shade for houses, driveways, backyards or any other significant areas. Skinny Tall Trees: grow under 20 foot wide and higher than 45 foot tall. These trees are great shade trees for area of limited space. Shape, Colors, and Fruits to consider Trees can be of more use than just for shade and wind breaks. What else to consider? Trees can add more to your home than shade or a wind block. Consider trees for their: Flowers: Flowers add color to the landscape and attract butterflies and other wildlife. Color: Red, orange, yellow and purple are variations of tropical colors that add beauty. Shape: Trees can be oval, pyramidal, round, spreading, vase-shaped or narrow; all add interest to your landscape. Fruit: Many varieties of fruits can be grown in Hawaii, providing food from the garden. Tree requirements and needs: Native trees of Hawaii and other low-water use trees, once established and due to the amount of rainfall, need little or no extra water. Decide whether you have enough room to plant in the areas you have selected. Note that you must stay at least 10 to 15 feet away from the house foundation and at least 5 feet away from fences, patios and other surface...

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Plumeria or Frangipani

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Plumeria or Frangipani

Beautiful Plumeria Tree The frangipani and Plumeria give on the true sense of the tropics. They are highly regarded world wide for their beautiful blooms and their frangrant sent. To pick a single or multiple blooms to carry with you or place around the house gives the room a sense of relaxation. Most common are the white and yellow blossoms, but the variety of sunset and tropical colors become prevalent the closer you get to the equator. Know for their durability, frangipani can survive neglect, drought and heat while remaining to fill the yard with their wonderful fragrance. They are apropriate for most any yard. Frangipani History Frangipani or plumeria is know throughout the world in many cultures by various names and each with their own specific myths and individual history. Best known as coming from to Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America as far south as Brazil. Origin of the name Plumeria or Frangipani The genus, originally spelled Plumeria, is named in honor of the seventeenth-century French botanist Charles Plumier, who traveled to the  New World documenting many plant and animal species. The common name “frangipani” comes from a sixteenth- century marquess of the noble family in Italy who invented a plumeria-scented perfume. Many English speakers also simply use the generic name “plumeria MORE CLICK HERE Plumeria in Culture and Myth In southeastern Asia plumeria are now common naturalised plants. Believed by locals to provide homes for demons and ghosts. Malay folklore, the pontianak; They are associated with temples in both Hindu and Buddhist cultures. frangipani trees are often planted in cemeteries. Throughout the Pacific islands of Hawaii, Samoa, Tahiti, Fiji, New Zealand, Tonga, and the Cook Islands Plumeria species are used for making leis. Nicaragua and Laos, the name is Sacuanjoche and Bengali culture mostly white flowers, and, in particular, plumeria are associated with funerals and death. Philippines and Indonesia, Plumeria, is associated with ghosts and graveyards. Plumerias often are planted on cemetery grounds in both countries. They are also common ornamental plants in houses, parks, parking lots, etc. in the Philippines. Balinese Hindus use the flowers in their temple offerings. Indian incenses containing Plumeria have “Champa” in their name, for example Nag Champa Plumeria is not a champa OR its aroma is not similar, but Indian incense having Halmaddi (Alianthus malabarica) resins produce Plumeria-like aroma, which is the main ingredient of Nagchampa incense. Hindu mythology, is replete with many different stories...

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Tree Planting Tips

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Considerations before Tree Planting Before proceeding forward with tree planting on your property , there are a few things to consider. With these few steps take care of, you should be able to enjoy the added beauty to your property enjoyment of added shade potential harvest of luscious fruit and added value to your whole property. First Steps in Tree Planting Tree selection:  Each property has different soil and each home owner has a different desire and consideration as to what is expected for future beauty, enjoyment, and practicality. Tree Placement: Different properties and building structures will determine the proper location of use as well as functionality of each different tree type with surrounding vegetation and structures. Tree Planting Principles: No matter what the desire you might have in mind, if you do not follow proper tree planting techniques matched to the particular tree and the soil needs, then the over-all result will not be successful. Almost everyone has an understanding of the value of trees, but becoming educated before initial steps to plant selection and planting will make for a much better end result. Read the few steps here and follow the links we have provided and you will be ahead of the curve in having a successful addition to your trees and landscape...

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